# Net Income NI Definition: Uses, and How to Calculate It

Net profit margin doesn’t hone in on sales or revenue growth, nor does it provide insight as to whether management is managing its production costs. For example, a company can have growing revenue, but if its operating costs are increasing at a faster rate than revenue, its net profit margin will shrink. Ideally, investors want to see a track record of expanding margins, meaning that the net profit margin is rising over time.

• Your income statement, balance sheet, and visual reports provide the data you need to grow your business.
• In most cases, companies report gross profit and net income as part of their externally published financial statements.
• Net profit margin takes into account all costs involved in a sale, making it the most comprehensive and conservative measure of profitability.
• Net income refers to the amount an individual or business makes after deducting costs, allowances and taxes.
• All of these types of expenses should be used when calculating your net income.

In that case, you likely already have a profit and loss statement or income statement that shows your Law Firm Accounting & Bookkeeping Service Reviews. Your company’s income statement might even break out operating net income as a separate line item before adding other income and expenses to arrive at net income. Calculating the net margin of a business is a routine part of financial analysis. It is part of a type of analysis known as vertical analysis, which takes every line item on the income statement and divides it into revenue. To compare the margin for a company on a year-over-year (YoY) basis, a horizontal analysis is performed. To learn more, read CFI’s free guide to analyzing financial statements.

## Investors

Calculating profit at different stages allows companies to see which expenses take the biggest bite out of the bottom line. With NetSuite, you go live in a predictable timeframe — smart, stepped implementations begin with sales and span the entire customer lifecycle, so there’s continuity from sales to services to support. Ever heard someone say that a business was “in the red” or “in the black”? That’s because accountants used to record a net loss in red ink, and net income in black ink. For an Individual – The gross income of a person is used as a basis to ascertain the creditworthiness by the lenders and landlords.

In calculating your net income, most business owners need to create an income statement, which is one of the three main financial statements. Also called a ‘profit and loss statement,’ or ‘p&l,’ the point of a company’s income statement is to show how you arrived at your net income. Net profit is calculated by deducting all company expenses from its total revenue. The result of the profit margin calculation is a percentage – for example, a 10% profit margin means for each \$1 of revenue the company earns \$0.10 in net profit. Here, we can gather all of the information we need to plug into the net profit margin equation. We take the total revenue of \$6,400 and deduct variable costs of \$1,700 as well as fixed costs of \$350 to arrive at a net income of \$4,350 for the period.

## Net income and financial statements

Because companies express net profit margin as a percentage rather than a dollar amount, it is possible to compare the profitability of two or more businesses regardless of size. Aaron would compute his annual net income by subtracting total expenses (\$67,500) from total income. Aaron owns a database and server technology company that he runs out of his house. He manages data, security, and servers for many different medical companies that require strict compliance with federal rules. As such, Aaron is able to make large amounts of revenue while keeping his expenses low.

This is the amount of money that the company can save for a rainy day, use to pay off debt, invest in new projects, or distribute to shareholders. Many people refer to this measurement as the bottom line because it generally appears at the bottom of the income statement. Net income is a key metric for assessing the health of a business and signifies the profit a company earns after the total of all deductions and expenses are subtracted from total revenue. Revenue includes all money earned by a company, and is also referred to as gross income. Operating income is another, more conservative measure of profitability that goes one step further than gross income. It includes operating expenses (also known as Selling, General, and Administrative (SG&A) expenses) which are any costs a company generates that don’t relate to production.

## How Net Income Works

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https://turbo-tax.org/law-firm-accounting-and-bookkeeping-101/ is typically found on a company’s income statement, which is also called a Profit and Loss statement. As an investor, you can see this for yourself through a company’s financial filings with the SEC. If you’re a business owner, you can typically see this using most accounting softwares. Although net income is considered the gold standard for profitability, some investors use other measures, such as earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT).

## What Is Operating Income?

Gross profit, operating profit, and net income refer to a company’s earnings. However, each one represents profit at different phases of the production and earnings process. The number is the employee’s gross income, minus taxes, and retirement account contributions.

An up-to-date income statement is just one report small businesses gain access to through Bench. Income statements—and other financial statements—are built from your monthly books. At Bench, we do your bookkeeping and generate monthly financial statements for you. When your company has more revenues than expenses, you have a positive net income. If your total expenses are more than your revenues, you have a negative net income, also known as a net loss.

## Importance of Net Income for Businesses

When you look only at revenue, you’re not looking at the big picture costs of running a business or its profitability. Similar to how you can’t just look at your individual income to assess your personal financial wellbeing (looking at net worth is a better indicator). It’s key to look at all expenses and get a clear idea of what money is coming in and what is going out.